All you need to about Insulin Resistance

All you need to about Insulin Resistance

What is Insulin Resistance?

The digested food, in the form of nutrients, enters the blood and the insulin (master hormone that affects all organs including uterus) facilitates their entry into the cells. IR occurs when more than normal quantity of insulin is required to make the cells accept the nutrients.

Symptoms of IR:

Unfortunately, one cannot the signs by how you feel. You need get the blood test done and then decide based the blood sugar levels. Below are few:

  1. A waistline over 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women
  2. Blood pressure readings of 130/80 or higher
  3. A fasting glucose level over 100 mg/dL
  4. A fasting triglyceride level over 150 mg/dL
  5. A HDL cholesterol level under 40 mg/dL in men and 50 mg/dL in women
  6. Skin tags
  7. Patches of dark, velvety skin called acanthosis nigricans

Causes of IR:

  1. Obesity
  2. Age – likely after 45
  3. Smoking
  4. Inadequate sleep
  5. Hormonal disorders
  6. Gestational diabetes
  7. Family history of diabetes
  8. Medications like steroids
  9. Diet that is high in carbohydrates
  10. Inactive lifestyle

Reasons for excess Insulin Production:

Although the food contains several nutrients, energy comes mainly from carbohydrates, fat and to a lesser extent; from the protein. Out of these, the brain, unless forced to, uses only carbohydrates in the form of glucose, also called sugar. So whenever sugar levels drop, the brain sends hunger signals.

The maximum sugar that our entire bloodstream can hold at any time is about 5 grams i.e. one teaspoonful which translates to 80 to 100 on the ‘fasting blood sugar test’. Insulin regulates the sugar within this range through its action on:

  1. Muscle cells
  2. Fat cells
  3. Liver cells

The action of Insulin on these cells is different after a meal, which is called the ‘fed state’, and in between the meals, which is called ‘fasting state’.

Fed State:

  1. Muscle cells: Makes them accept the sugar and other nutrients
  2. Fat cells: Prevents them from releasing fat into the blood and also makes them take up any sugar that is leftover after meeting the needs of the muscle cells.
  3. Liver cells: Makes the liver accept the sugar and at the same time prevents it from producing new sugar.

Fasting State:

  1. Muscle cells: Makes them accept the sugar and other nutrients
  2. Fat cells: Makes the fat cells release fat into the blood
  3. Live cells: Makes liver pump glucose into the blood

When the normal level of insulin is sufficient to regulate the blood sugar, the above functions go on without a hitch, but if excess insulin is required to regulate the sugar, these functions get affected adversely and the body slips into an Insulin Resistance Mode. IR is caused by three entirely different conditions, which are discussed below:

IR Caused by Excess Calories:

Eating excess calories over a long period cause the cells to store unused energy in the form fat.

Normal insulin levels cannot make the fat-laden cells accept the glucose and this makes the body produce excess insulin and consequently IR. The IR caused by excess eating can be reduced with weight training and sensible eating consisting of balanced nutrition that is suits the individual’s body constitution, whole foods (as close as possible to nature) etc.

IR Caused by Fast Digesting Food:

Fast digesting food, even as a part of a low calorie diet, floods the blood with more sugar than it can cope, thus needing excess insulin and consequently IR occurs. This is more common in families which use fermented carbohydrates like idly, bread of all varieties, processed carbohydrates like Quick Oats, Corn flakes etc. and refined carbohydrates like white rice, white atta etc. Eating less, in this case, may even aggravate it by driving the person towards intermittent eating, which itself is a cause of IR.

IR Caused by Intermittent Eating:

This may happen because of reasons cited above, or because of stress or other psychological reasons. Whatever the reason, insulin is high throughout day, which at best prevents usage of stored fat and at worst, makes the person look for food throughout the day. Reduction of IR in this case requires expert guidance.

IR Reducing Diet Can Make Medicines Used for the Following More Effective:

Blood pressure

Blood thinners

High LDL

Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes

High Uric acid or gout

The Following Non-Clinical Conditions Can Also Benefit From the IR Reducing Diet:

High triglycerides


Bulging belly

Irregular menstrual periods

Afternoon fatigue

Here’s how we can help:

Taking professional help matters a lot in the scenario of Insulin Resistance because it is advisable to get it treated under supervision. For sure, we help reduce and control your insulin resistance in your body by considering all the factors.

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