A complete guide to PCOD and PCOS

A complete guide to PCOD and PCOS

Before getting into the details, let’s see what exactly PCOD and PCOS are.

PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disease):  It is a disease with an enlarged ovary & small follicular cysts which has the potential to grow into PCOS.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome): This a condition where more follicles are produced than those released, because of which ovaries produce higher levels of androgen.

The three main features of PCOS are-

  1. Cysts in the ovaries
  2. Irregular periods
  3. High levels of male hormones

Excess androgen is a main defect in PCOS patients, but it is triggered by factors like obesity and Insulin Resistance. Studies demonstrated that all women with PCOS, both lean and obese have IR.

In another study, it was found that all females including children have polycystic ovaries, but they had normal levels of circulating androgens. This suggests that in certain circumstances, IR alone can cause polycystic ovaries. But it is difficult to separate the independent and interactive effects of hyper-androgenism, IR and obesity in women with PCOS.

Providing good nutrition to ward-off PCOS is bit tricky, because some patients may need monounsaturated fat rich diet, whereas for the others, their carbohydrates may have to be increased. Following is short list of diets with different effects that illustrate this point:

In PCOS, hyperinsulinemia is a bigger problem than hyperandrogenemia, because long-term complications of the syndrome, such as cardiovascular disease and development of Diabetes are caused by hyperinsulinemia.

So, weight loss and control of IR should be targeted in all women with PCOS through reducing caloric intake coupled with adequate nutrition and healthy food choices, irrespective of diet composition.

To treat PCOS, it is more important to diagnose and control IR than suppression of hyperandrogenism and ovulation induction.

For more information on Insulin Resistance, refer to Insulin Resistance.

Symptoms of PCOS:

  1. Hair growth on face and body
  2. Heavy bleeding
  3. Weight gain
  4. Male pattern baldness
  5. Irregular periods
  6. Headaches
  7. Darkening of skin
  8. Acne

How PCOS affects?

  1. Depression
  2. Sleep apnea
  3. Endometrial cancer
  4. Infertility
  5. Metabolic syndrome
Diet Effect
Monounsaturated fat-enriched diet</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-ad348d9 jet-table__body-cell”> Reduces weight.</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-5b6effc jet-table__body-cell”>
Low Glycemic Index Diet</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-fc60e49 jet-table__body-cell”> Improves menstrual regularity</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-61545ab jet-table__body-cell”>
High carbohydrate diet
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Increases free androgen index</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-4789a83 jet-table__body-cell”>
Low carbohydrate diet</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-da8336b jet-table__body-cell”> Reduces IR and fibrinogen and improves Lipid profile</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-1bf3090 jet-table__body-cell”>
High protein diet</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-9c2b625 jet-table__body-cell”> Reduces depression and improves self-Esteem</class=”jet-table__cell elementor-repeater-item-3c4a41f jet-table__body-cell”>

Here’s how we can help:

One can start the PCOS treatment with lifestyle changes – diet and exercise, but it doesn’t work always. Seek professional help and treat it in the best way possible under supervision.

  • We analyze your medical reports from a nutrition standpoint and recommend a course of action
  • We help you make your medication more effective with appropriate nutrition and help reduce your medications and maybe even help in reversing your lifestyle related ailments
  • We use Cognitive Behaviour Therapy to transition you into a lifestyle that is conducive for your LSDs. We also use Scientific Mind and Body Processes that can reduce the medical condition or even reverse the condition
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